Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Placename

Ishango.

Latitude / Longitude

-0.133333333
29.6

data

ID:10212
A:Ishango.
X:g
B:Terraces on right band of Semliki River, just before its outlet from Lake Edward.
C:0008S
D:2936E
E:H.Damas, 4 December 1935 (Ishango 1); J.de Heinzelin, 25 April - 23 July 1950(Ishango 2-8).
F:Tuffaceous layers of river terrace; attributed to Principal Fossiliferous Layer(Ishango 1). Terrace Tt(10-5 m above lake level), Principal Fossiliferous Layer(N.F.PR.)=kitchen-midden debris in lake shore deposits overlain by lacustrine tuffite; Terrace Tp(12 m above lake level), Post-Emersion Zone(Z.P-E), kitchen-midden debris on surface of terrace gravels, overlain by colluvium(Ishango 2-8). J.de Heinzelin 1955, Le Fosse Tectonique sous le Parallele d'Ishango, Explor. Parc. natn. albert Miss.J.de Heinzelin de Braucourt, 1: 63-65.
H:Epi-Pleistocene, Makalian. J.de Heinzelin 1955: 9.
I:N.F.PR.: Early Mesolithic, 'Civilisation d'Ishango' with stone and bone artifacts including harpoons with double row of barbs, grindstones, no pottery. J.de Heinzelin 1957, Les Fouilles d'Ishango, Explor. Parc natn. Albert Miss.J.de Heinzelin de Braucourt, 2: 20-77 and plates. P-E.Z.: Mesolithic(cf. Smithfield) with stone and bone artifacts but no harpoons reported, no pottery. J.de Henzelin 1955: 134-135; J.de Heinzelin 1957: 20-77.
J:N.F.PR.: Lutra maculicollis, Thryonomys swinderianus, Potamochoerus porcus, Hippopotamus amphibius. Aves: Struthio camelus massaicus; Pisces; Mollusca. Z.P-E.: Colobus, Panthera pardus, Hippopotamus amphibius; Aves: Plateles alba; Pisces. P.H.Greenwood, V.Verheyen, A.T.Hopwood and X.Misonne 1959, Explor. Parc naun Albert Miss J.de Heinzelin de Braucourt, 4. J.de Heinzelin 1955: 64-65.
K:Human femur(N.F.PR): F=2-1%, 100F/P205=7-1, eU308=16 ppm, N=nil. Hippopotamus bone(N.F.PR.): F=1-7%, 100F/P205=6-6, eU308=64ppm, N=nil.
L:N.F.PR.=c. 9000 BP. J.de Heinzelin 1962, Ishango, Scient. Am., 206: 106. Correlation with dated volcanic ash layers in deposits of Mahoma Lake(Ruwenzori) and comparable industry in Turkana, suggests 4700-7500 BP. J.de Heinzelin 1971, in lit.
M:Ishango 1. adult: rt ramus mandibulae(ff), M2. Ishango 2,3,4. N.F.PR.) adult: 10 cranial fragments, including frontale(ff), lt parietale(ff), rt parietale(ff), mandibula(f), dentes, isolated upper lt M1. Also: rt ramus mandibulae(ff), dentes: rt ramus mandibulae(ff), dens; atlas, vertebra cervicalis lt humerus(f); rt juvenile humerus(f); 2 lt, 1 rt ulnae; 3 rt randii; 1(i), 2 femora(f); lt patella; rt tibia; lt talus; juvenile rt cuboideum, 2 metacarpalia, 20 metatarsalia, 9.phalanges manes, 3 phaianges pedis. Ishango 5,6,7,8. and unmembered individuals. (Z.P-E). 3 fragments of parietale; mandibula without condyles(f), dentes; rt ramus mandibulae(f), dentes; 4 rami mandibulae(ff), dentes; lt ramus mandibulae(ff), dentes; rt ramus mandibulae with sympysis(ff), dentes; lt ulna; lt radius(ff); 3 patellae; upper epiphyses lt and rt tibiae; lt talus; lt calcaneus, 4 metacarpalia, 2 phalanges manus, 1 phalanx pedis.

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