Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Placename

Amud.

Latitude / Longitude

32.86666667
35.5

data

ID:30126
A:Amud.
X:e
B:Cave in the Wadi Amud, about 5.3 km upstream from the NW end of the Lake of Tiberias, Israel.
C:3252N
D:3530E
E:Tokyo University Scientific Expedition to Western Asia directed by H. Suzuki, July 1961(Amud 1), 1964(Amud 2-5).
F:Layer B; greyish brown loose calcareous silt with nodules and limestone rubble. K. Chinzei 1970, The Amud Cave Site and its Deposits, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970, The Amud man and his cave site, Tokyo: 21-52. H. Sakura 1970, State of the Skeletons of the Amud Man in situ, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970: 117- 122.
G:Amud 1: contracted burial. H. Suzuki 1965, A Palaeoanthropic Man from the Amud Cave, Israel, Preliminary Report, Commun. VII Int. Congr. Anthrop. Ethnol. Sci.(Moscow, 1964) 3: 305-316.
H:Dry phase probably corresponding to an interstadial of the last glacial. K. Chinzei 1970: 51.
I:Transitional Levalloiso-Mousterian to Upper Palaeolithic. H. Watanabe 1970, A Palaeolithic industry from the Amud Cave, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970: 77-114.
J:Vulpes vulpes palaestina, Equus caballus, Sus scrofa, Gazella cf. subguttorosa, Capra, Bos; Aves; Reptilia: Chelonia, Ophidia. F. Takai 1970, Fossil Mammals from the Amud Cave, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970: 53-76.
K:Amud 1 rib: F=0.13%, 100F/P205=0.5, eU308=nil, N=<0.1%(BMNH). Amud 1: 0.05% F. G. Tanabe 1970, Fluorine content of the skeleton of the Amud Man, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970: 429.
L:A2: 18,300+-7340 BP on basis of radiocabon dating of collagen and carbonate fractions in animal bones from layers of B4 to B1; contamination suspected. K. Chinzei 1970, Discussions on the Geological Age of the Amud deposits, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970: 46-50. A2: 28,000+-35% BP on basis of Uranium fission track dating of animal bones from layers B2-B1. M. Suzuki 1970, Preliminary Report on Fission Track date of Animal Bone from the Amud Cave, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970: 428. A2: 27,000+-5000 BP on basis of Ionium growth dating of animal bones from layers B2-B1. M. Sakanoue & M. Yoshioka 1970, Radiochemical Studies on Fossil Bones from the Amud Cave, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970: 425-426.
M:Amud 1. adult male, c. 25 years: skull with complete dentition, post-cranial skeleton, almost complete. Amud 2. adult: rt maxilla(f), with C, P3, P4(roots). Amud 3. child: lt maxilla(f) with dm1-2, M1(unerupted), rt temporale, frontale. Amud 4. child: rt temporale(f). Amud 5. isolated lower rt M2.
N:H. V. Vallois 1962, Un nouveau Neandertaloide en Palestine, Anthropologie, Paris, 66: 405-406. Homo sapiens neanderthalensis.
O:H. Suzuki 1970, in H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970.
Q:H. Suzuki & F. Takai(eds) 1970.
R:H. Suzuki, F. Takai & H. Watanabe 1962, Ein neues Neanderthaler Skelett in Galilaa entdeckt, Anthrop. Anz., 25: 305.
S:Rockefeller Museum, Jerusalem(Amud 1). Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, Tokyo University, Bunkyou-KU, Tokyo, Japan(Amud 2, 3, 4).
T:Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, Tokyo University, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, Japan.

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