Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Latitude / Longitude



B:Cave site, locality 1, the filling of a former cave exposed by erosion and collapse of the surrounding limestone, and further exposed by quarrying. At village of Choukoutien. 42 km SW of Peking, Hopei Province, China.
E:Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology team; 1951 tooth in situ, and fragments of humerus and tibia in material excavated before cessation of work in 1937; 1953 tooth in material excavated before cessation of work in 1937.
F:Level 30, in the Main Deposit. equivalent to basal layer 10 or upper part of layer 11, reddish breccia with some ash layers. It is not stated from which layer the previously excavated material is thought to have come, but since the second tooth is said to belong to the same individual as the one found in situ, it may be assumed to come also from level 30. J. K. Woo & L. P. Chis 1954, New Discoveries about Sinanthropus pekinensis in Choukoutien, Acta scient. sin., 3: 335-351(first published(1954) in Chinese in Acta palaeont. sin., 2: 267-288).
G:Not burials.
H:Lower Pleistocene. P. Teilhard de Chardin & C.C. Young 1929, Preliminary Report on the Chou Kou Tien Fossiliferous Deposit Bull. geol. Soc. China, 8: 173-202. D. Black, P. Teilhard de Chardin, C. C. Young & W. C. Pei 1933, Fossil Man in China; the Choukoutien Cave Deposits wihth a Synopsis of our Present Knowledge of the Late Cenozoic in China, Mem. geol. Surv. China,(A) 11: 1-166. W. C. Pei 1931, The Age of the Choukoutien Fossiliferous Deposite: a tentative Determination by Comparison with other Later Cenozoic(Psychozoic) Deposits in China, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 10: 165-178. post Sanmenian(= Post Villafranchian). Middle Pleistocene, Mindel II. B. Kurten & Y. Vasari 1960, on the Date of Peking Man, Commentat. biol., Societas scientiarum fennica, 23: 1-10. Holstenian Interglacial. H. D. Kahlke & B. S. Chow 1961, A Summary of Stratigraphical and Palaeontological Observations in the Low Layers of Choukoutien, Locality 1, and on the Chronological Positions of the Site, Vertebr. palasiat., 5: 212-240. Interglacial. J. Hsu 1966, The Climatic Condition in North China During the Time of Sinanthropus, Scientia sin., 15: 410- 414,(published in Chinese, 1965, Collected Papers on Quaternary, 4: 77-83 and reported fully by K. C. Chang 1968, Archaeology of Acient China, Science, N.Y., 162: 519-521). H. D. Kahlke 1968, Zur relativen Chronologic ostasiatischer Mittelplestozan-Faunan und Hominoidea-Funde, in E. Kurth(ed.) 1961, Evolution and Hominisation,(2 edn) Stuttgart: 91-118.
I:Scattered artifacts only, occur in these layers.
J:See mammalian fauna of layers 10-11, under locus E.
K:C. L. Chiu 1955, Notes on the Application of the Fluorine-dating Method to the Dating of some Fossil Human Remains in China, Acta palaeont. sin., 3: 323-329.
L:A 2/3: 210,000- > 500,000 BP. Varous authors 1964, Ti-ssu-chi ti-shin Went'i, Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Peking.
M:Ckn.1951.1. adult male: rt humerus(diaphysis). 2. lt tibia(diaphysis). AN.520. adult male: upper rt P3(in situ), upper rt P4.
N:J. K. Woo & L. P. Chia 1954.
O:J. K. Woo & L. P. Chia 1954.
Q:J. K. Woo & L. P. Chia 1954.
R:J. G. Andersson 1934, Children of the Yellow Earth, London: 94-126. F. Weidenreich 1946, Apes, Giants and Man, Chicago. G. R. H. von Koenigswald 1956, Meeting Prehistric Man, London. M. Boule & H. V. Vallois 1975, Fossil Men: a Textbook of Human Palaeontology, London. W. E. Le Gros Clark 1964, Fossile Evidence for Human Evolution(2nd edn) Chicago. K. P. Oakley 1969, Frameworks for dating Fossil Man(3nd efn) London. W. W. Howells 1967, Mankind in the Making, New York & London.
S:With the exception of two teeth preserved in Uppsala, material excavated prior to cessation of work in 1937 was lost during World War II. Mateial excavated since 1949 is assumed to be at the Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking. Casts of much of the material are available for study in the Department of Vertebrate Paleontolgy, The American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York10024, U.S.A.
T:Casts of thr majority of the teeth found up to 1937 are preserved in the British Museum with some teeth are availablea at the Pennsylvania University Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, U.S.A.