Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Placename

Chokoutien, locus G.

Latitude / Longitude

39.66666667
115.8833333

data

ID:30063
A:Chokoutien, locus G.
X:d
B:Cave site, locality 1, the filling of a former cave exposed by erosion and collapse of the surrounding limestone, and further exposed by quarrying. At village of Choukoutien. 42 km SW of Peking, Hopei Province, China.
C:3940N
D:11553E
E:W. C. Pei, 1931(Ckn.G 1.6, 7, and Ckn.G 2), and later from material excavated in 1931(Ckn.G 1.60).
F:Red clay with bone and quartz fragments; subdivision d of Quartz Horizon 2 in the Kotzetang. This layer is probably equivalent to layer 7 of the Main Deposit. W. C. Pei 1931, Notice of the Discovery of Quartz and Other Stone Artefacts in the Lower Pleistocene Hominid-bearing Sediments of the Choukoutien Cave Deposit, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 11: 109-146.
G:Not burials.
H:Lower Pleistocene. P. Teilhard de Chardin & C.C. Young 1929, Preliminary Report on the Chou Kou Tien Fossiliferous Deposit Bull. geol. Soc. China, 8: 173-202. D. Black, P. Teilhard de Chardin, C. C. Young & W. C. Pei 1933, Fossil Man in China; the Choukoutien Cave Deposits with a Synopsis of our Present Knowledge of the Late Cenozoic in China, Mem. geol. Surv. China,(A) 11: 1-166. W. C. Pei 1931, The Age of the Choukoutien Fossiliferous Deposite: a tentative Determination by Comparison with other Later Cenozoic(Psychozoic) Deposits in China, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 10: 165-178. post Sanmenian(= Post Villafranchian). Middle Pleistocene, Mindel II. B. Kurten & Y. Vasari 1960, On the Date of Peking Man, Commentat. biol., Societas scientiarum fennica, 23: 1-10. Holstenian Interglacial. H. D. Kahlke & B. S. Chow 1961, A Summary of Stratigraphical and Palaeontological Observations in the Low Layers of Choukoutien, Locality 1, and on the Chronological Positions of the Site, Vertebr. palasiat., 5: 212-240. Interglacial. J. Hsu 1966, The Climatic Condition in North China During the Time of Sinanthropus, Scientia sin., 15: 410- 414,(published in Chinese, 1965, Collected Papers on Quaternary, 4: 77-83 and reported fully by K. C. Chang 1968, Archaeology of Acient China, Science, N.Y., 162: 519-521). H. D. Kahlke 1968, Zur relativen Chronologic ostasiatischer Mittelplestozan-Faunan und Hominoidea-Funde, in E. Kurth(ed.) 1961, Evolution and Hominisation,(2 edn) Stuttgart: 91-118.
I:This locus is in Cultural Zone C or Quartz Horizon 2. W. C. Pei 1931. D. Black, P. Teilhard de Chardin, C. C. Young & W. C. Pei 1933, Fossil Man in China; the Choukoutien Cave Deposits with a Synopsis of our Present Knowledge of the Late Cenozoic in China, Mem. geol. Surv. China,(A) 11: 1-166. The artifacts show the more advanced techique of the late stage of the Choukoutienian industry, as in the upper layers of the Main Deposit rather than its lower layers as suggested by stratigraphy. S. S. Chang 1962, Some Problems Concerning the Sinanthropus Industry of Choukoutien, Vertebr. Palasiat., 6: 270-279.
J:Mammalian fauna of layer 7: Macaca robustus, Marmota complicidens, Trogontherium cuvieri, Canis lupus variabilis, Nyctereutes sinensis, Lutra melina, Hyaena brevirostris sinensis, Panthera cf. tigris, Felis, Equus cf. sanmeniensis, Dicerorhinus cf. kirchbergensis, Sus lydekkeri, Mosclus moschiferus pekinensis, Pseudaxis grayi Megaceros pachyosteus, Bubalus teilhardi, Ovis cf. ammon. H. D. Kahlke & B. S. Chow 1961, A Summary of Stratigraphical and Palaeontological Observations in the Lower Layers of Choukoutien, Locality 1, and on the Chronological Position of the Site, Vertebr. palasiat. 5: 212-240.
K:C. L. Chiu 1955, Notes on the Application of the Fluorine-dating Method to the Dating of some Fossil Human Remains in China, Acta palaeont. sin., 3: 323-329.
L:A 2/3: 210,000- > 500,000 BP. Varous authors 1964, Ti-ssu-chi ti-shin Went'i, Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Peking.
M:Ckn.G 1.6. adult male: lt corpus mandibulae, ramus mandibulae anterior(f), complete dentition, 7.(= G2 of Black 1931-1933): rt ramus mandibulae and posterior part of corpus, M2, M3, 60. rt corpus mandibulae(ff), P3. Ckn.G 2.PA.23. adolescent male: rt parietale(f). 18. lt clavicula(diaphysis),(possibly the same individual as G2).
N:W. C, Pei 1931(Ckn.G 1, 6 + 7, Ckn.G 2.PA.23). D. Black 1932, Skeletal Remains of Sinanthropus other than Skull Parts, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 11: 365-374(Ckn.G 2.18). F. Weidenreich 1935, The Sinanthropus Population of Choukoutien(Locality 1) with a Preliminary Report on New Discoveries, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 14 :427-468(Ckn.G 1.60).
O:D. Black 1932(Ckn.G 2.18). D. Black et al. 1933(Ckn.G 1.6, 7). F. Weidenreich 1936, The Mandibles of Sinanthropus pekinensis: a Comparative Study, Palaeont. sin.,(N.S. D) 7, 2: 1-162(Ckn.G 1.60). F. Weidenreich 1943, The Skull of Sinanthropus pekinensis: a Comparative Study on a Primitive Hominid Skull, Palaeont. sin.,(N.S. D) 10: 1-484(Ckn.G 2.PA.23).
P:F. Weidenreich 1941. The Extremity Bones of Sinanthropus pekinensis, Palaeont. sin.,(N.S. D) 5: 1-150(Attributes the clavicula to Ckn.G 1 rather than G 2).
Q:F. Weidenreich 1936 fig. 39, p. 52(Ckn.1.60), 1941, 1943.
R:J. G. Andersson 1934, Children of the Yellow Earth, London: 94-126. F. Weidenreich 1946, Apes, Giants and Man, Chicago. G. R. H. von Koenigswald 1956, Meeting Prehistric Man, London. M. Boule & H. V. Vallois 1975, Fossil Men: a Textbook of Human Palaeontology, London. W. E. Le Gros Clark 1964, Fossile Evidence for Human Evolution(2nd edn) Chicago. K. P. Oakley 1969, Frameworks for dating Fossil Man(3nd efn) London. W. W. Howells 1967, Mankind in the Making, New York & London.
S:With the exception of two teeth preserved in Uppsala, material excavated prior to cessation of work in 1937 was lost during World War II. Mateial excavated since 1949 is assumed to be at the Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthroplogy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking. Casts of much of the material are available for study in the Department of Vertebrate Paleontolgy, The American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York10024, U.S.A.
T:Sub-Department of Anthropology, British Museum(Natural History), London SW7, England.(Ckn.G 1.6; G 1.7; G 1.60).

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