Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Placename

Choukoutien,(1959).

Latitude / Longitude

39.66666667
115.8833333

data

ID:30074
A:Choukoutien,(1959).
X:d
B:Cave site, locality 1, the filling of a former cave exposed by erosion and collapse of the surrounding limestone, and further exposed by quarrying. At village of Choukoutien. 42 km SW of Peking, Hopei Province, China.
C:3940N
D:11553E
E:Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology team, 6 July 1959.
F:Level 27, near W entrance of the Kotzetang: equivalent to upper part of layer 10, finely laminated reddish to reddish brown clay with fine sands and calcareous concretions. T. K. Chao & Y. H. Li 1960, Report on the Excavation of the Choukoutien Sinanthropus Site in 1959. Vertebr. palasiat., 4: 30-32.
G:Not burials.
H:Lower Pleistocene. P. Teilhard de Chardin & C.C. Young 1929, Preliminary Report on the Chou Kou Tien Fossiliferous Deposit Bull. geol. Soc. China, 8: 173-202. D. Black, P. Teilhard de Chardin, C. C. Young & W. C. Pei 1933, Fossil Man in China; the Choukoutien Cave Deposits wihth a Synopsis of our Present Knowledge of the Late Cenozoic in China, Mem. geol. Surv. China,(A) 11: 1-166. W. C. Pei 1931, The Age of the Choukoutien Fossiliferous Deposite: a tentative Determination by Comparison with other Later Cenozoic(Psychozoic) Deposits in China, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 10: 165-178. post Sanmenian(= Post Villafranchian). Middle Pleistocene, Mindel II. B. Kurten & Y. Vasari 1960, On the Date of Peking Man, Commentat. biol., Societas scientiarum fennica, 23: 1-10. Holstenian Interglacial. H. D. Kahlke & B. S. Chow 1961, A Summary of Stratigraphical and Palaeontological Observations in the Low Layers of Choukoutien, Locality 1, and on the Chronological Positions of the Site, Vertebr. palasiat., 5: 212-240. Interglacial. J. Hsu 1966, The Climatic Condition in North China During the Time of Sinanthropus, Scientia sin., 15: 410- 414,(published in Chinese, 1965, Collected Papers on Quaternary, 4: 77-83 and reported fully by K. C. Chang 1968, Archaeology of Acient China, Science, N.Y., 162: 519-521). H. D. Kahlke 1968, Zur relatives Chronologic ostasiatischer Mittelplestozan-Faunan und Hominoidea-Funde, in E. Kurth(ed.) 1961, Evolution and Hominisation,(2 edn) Stuttgart: 91-118.
I:Scattered artifacts only, occur in this layer.
J:See mammalian fauna of layers 10-11, under locus E.
K:C. L. Chiu 1955, Notes on the Application of the Fluorine-dating Method to the Dating of some Fossil Human Remains in China, Acta palaeont. sin., 3: 323-329.
L:A 2/3: 210,000- > 500,000 BP. Varous authors 1964, Ti-ssu-chi ti-shin Went'i, Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Peking.
M:Ckn.1959.1. rt corpus mandibulae(f), symphysis mandibulae, lt corpus mandibulae, roots of rt I1, lt I1, lt M1(f).
N:J. K. Woo & T. K. Chao 1959, New Discovery of Sinanthropus Mandible from Choukoutien, Vertebr. palasiat., 3: 169-172.
O:J. K. Woo & T. K. Chao 1959.
Q:J. K. Woo & T. K. Chao 1959.
R:K. C. Chang 1962, New Evidence of Fossil Man in China, Science, N. Y., 136: 749-760.
S:With the exception of two teeth preserved in Uppsala, material excavated prior to cessation of work in 1937 was lost during World War II. Mateial excavated since 1949 is assumed to be at the Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthroplogy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking. Casts of much of the material are available for study in the Department of Vertebrate Paleontolgy, The American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York10024, U.S.A.
T:Casts of thr majority of the teeth found up to 1937 are preserved in the British Museum with some teeth are availablea at the Pennsylvania University Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, U.S.A.

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