Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Placename

Choukoutien, locus A.

Latitude / Longitude

39.66666667
115.8833333

data

ID:30057
A:Choukoutien, locus A.
X:d
B:Cave site, Locality 1, the filling of former cave exposed by erosion and collapse of the surrounding limestone, and further exposed by quarrying. At village of Choukoutien, 42 km SW of Peking, Hopei Province, China.
C:3940N
D:11553E
E:O. Zdansky, 1926, in material excavated in 1923 and sent to the University of Uppsala, Sweden(lower premolar of Ckn. Al and upper molar of Ckn. A3). B. Bohlin, 1927(lower molar of Ckn.A1).@B. Bohlin, C. C. Young & W. C. Pei, 1928(Ckn.A2).
F:Partly brecciated black clay, layer 5, probably representing the lower part of the overlying ashy layer 4. P. Teilhard de Chardin & C. C. Young 1929 Preliminary Report on the Choukoutien Fossiliferous Deposit, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 8: 173-202. D. Black, P. Teilhard de Chardin, C. C. Young & W. C. Pei 1933, Fossil Man in China; the Choukoutien Cave Deposits with a Synopsis of our Present Knowledge of the Late Cenozoic in China, Mem. geol. Surv. China,(A) 11: 1-166.
G:Not burials.
H:Lower Pleistocene. P. Teilhard de Chardin & C.C. Young 1929, Preliminary Report on the Chou Kou Tien Fossiliferous Deposit Bull. geol. Soc. China, 8: 173-202. D. Black, P. Teilhard de Chardin, C. C. Young & W. C. Pei 1933, Fossil Man in China; the Choukoutien Cave Deposits wihth a Synopsis of our Present Knowledge of the Late Cenozoic in China, Mem. geol. Surv. China,(A) 11: 1-166. W. C. Pei 1931, The Age of the Choukoutien Fossiliferous Deposite: a tentative Determination by Comparison with other Later Cenozoic(Psychozoic) Deposits in China, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 10: 165-178. post Sanmenian(= Post Villafranchian). Middle Pleistocene, Mindel II. B. Kurten & Y. Vasari 1960, on the Data of Peking Man, Commentat. biol., Societas scientiarum fennica, 23: 1-10. Holstenian Interglacial. H. D. Kahlke & B. S. Chow, 1961, A Summary of Stratigraphical and Palaeontological Observations in the Low Layers of Choukoutien, Locality 1, and on the Chronological Positions of the Site, Vertebr. palasiat., 5: 212-240. Interglacial. J. Hsu 1966, The Climatic Condition in North China During the Time of Sinanthropus, Scientia sin., 15: 410- 414,(published in Chinese, 1965, Collected Papers on Quaternary, 4: 77-83 and reported fully by K. C. Chang 1968, Archaeology of Acient China, Science, N.Y., 162: 519-521). H. D. Kahlke 1968, Zur relativen Chronologic ostasiatischer Mittelplestozan-Faunan and Hominoidea-Funde, in E. Kurth(ed.) 1961, Evolution and Hominisation,(2 edn) Stuttgart: 91-118.
I:Probably in Cultural Zone Ac. D. Black er al. 1933.
J:Mammalian fauna of layer 5: Scaptochirus priminitivus, Macaca robustus, Trogontherium curieri, Cricetinus varians, Rattus rattus, Microtus brandtioides, M. epiratticeps, Canis lupus, C. lupus variabilis, Nyctereutes sinensis, Vulpes cf. corsac, Ursus thibetanus kokeni, U. arctos, Ailuropoda, Meles cf. leucurus, Mustela cf. sibirica, Hyaena brevirostris sinensis, Machairodus inexpectatus, Panthera cf. tigris, P. cf. pardus, Felis teilhardi, F. cf. microtis, Acinonyx, Pseudaxis grayi, Megaceros pachyosteus, Moschus moschiferus pekinensis, Ovis cf. ammon, Gazella. H. D. Kahlke & B. S. Chow 1961, A Summary of Stratigraphical and Palaeontological Observations in the Lower Layers or Choukoutien, Locality 1, and on the Chronological Position of the Site, Vertebr, palasiat, 5: 212-240.
K:C. L. Chiu 1955, Notes on the Application of the Fluorine-dating Method to the Dating of some Fossil Human Remains in China, Acta palaeont. sin., 3: 323-329.
L:A 2/3: 210,000- > 500,000 BP. Varous authors 1964, Ti-ssu-chi ti-shin Went'i, Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Peking.
M:Ckn. A 1.68. 7-8 years, female: upper lt P4.5B. lower rt 12. 57.lower lt 12. Upp. 1. lower lt P3. 1. lower lt M1. Holotype of Sinanthropus pekinensis Black & Zdansky, 1927. Ckn. A 2. 2. adult female: rt corpus mandibulae(f), M1, M2, M3. 54. upper rt M2. Ckn. A 3. Upp. 2. adult male: upper rt M3. 56. lower rt M1. Ckn. A 4. Upp. 3. adult: P4.*
N:D. Black 1926, Tertiary Man in Asia: The Chou Kou Tien Discovery, Nature, Lond., 118: 733-734(Ckn.A 1. Upp.1 and 2). D. Black 1927, Further Hominid Remains of Lower Quaternary Age from the Chou Kou Tien Deposit, Nature, Lond., 120: 954(Ckn. A 1.1). D. Black 1929, Preliminary Note on Additional Sinanthropus Material Discovered in Chou Kou Tien during 1928, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 8: 15-32(Ckn. A 2, A 3).
O:O. Zdansky 1927, Preliminary Notice on two Teeth or a Hominid from a cave in Chihli, China, Bull. geol. Soc. China, 5: 281-284(Ckn. A 1. Upp.1 and 2), Homo ? sp. D. Black 1927, On a Lower Molar Hominid Tooth from the Chou Kou Tien Deposit, Palaeont. sin.(N.S. D) 7, 1: 1-28. Sinanthroupus pekinensis(gen, et sp. nov.),(Ckn. A 1.1). D. Black 1929. F. Weidenreich 1937, The Dentition or Sinanthropus pekinensis: a Comparative Odontography or the Hominids, Palaeont. sin,(N.S. D) 1: 1-121.
Q:O. Zdansky 1927(Ckn.A 1. Upp.1 and 2). D. Black 1927(Ckn. A 1.1). F. Weidenreich 1937(Ckn.A 2 and 3). F. Weidenreich 1936, The Mandibles of Sinanthropus pekinensis: a Comparative Study, Palaeont. sin.,(N.S. D) 7, 3: 1-162, pl.(Ckn.A 2).
R:J. G. Andersson 1934, Children of the Yellow Earth, London: 94-126. F. Weidenreich 1946, Apes, Giants and Man, Chicago. G. R. H. von Koenigswald 1956, Meeting Prehistric Man, London. M. Boule & H. V. Vallois 1975, Fossil Men: a Textbook of Human Palaeontology, London. W. E. Le Gros Clark 1964, Fossile Evidence for Human Evolution(2nd edn) Chicago. K. P. Oakley 1969, Frameworks for daing Fossil Man(3nd efn) London. W. W. Howells 1967, Mankind in the Making, New York & London.
S:Dept, of Historical Geology and Palnaontology, Palaeontological Institute, Box 558. Uppsala 1, Sweden. Reg. No. M3549(Ckn.A 3. Upp.2, 56).
T:Sub-Department of Anthropology, British Museum(Natural History), London SW7, England.(Ckn.A 1.57; Ckn.A 1.68; Ckn.A 1).

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