Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Placename

Conkling Cavern.

Latitude / Longitude

32.66666667
-106.6666667

data

ID:30036
A:Conkling Cavern.
X:g
B:Cave on W edge of white Sands Military Reservation, at foot of Bishop's Cap mountain, in San Andres mountains(Organ Range) and due W of highest peak, near Las Cruces, New Mexico, U.S.A.
C:3240N
D:10640W
E:Cave found by local ranchers. Investigated by R. P. Conkling, 1929.
F:Cave deposit of reddish windblown sand, 6.1-9.7 m(20-32 ft) below surface which was sealed by flag-stone floor; highest "burial" beneath sloth remains. W. A. Bryan 1929, The recent bone-cavern find at Bishop's Cap, New Mexico, Science, N. Y., 70: 39-41. R. P. Conkling 1932, Conkling Cavern: The discoveries in the bone cave at Bishop's Cap, New Mexico, Bull. Sul Ross St. Teach. Coll., 44: 6-19(Publ. W. Tex. hist. scient. Soc., No. 4).
G:Burial site or natural trap.
H:Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene.
J:Northrotherium, Equus, Tanulapolama, Camelus, Megalonyx, R. P. Conkling 1932.
K:Human remains: mandibula F=0.10%, dens F=0.10%, humerus F=0.18%, ulna F=0.14%, radius F=0.47%, parietalia F=0.14%, Associated fauna: Camelus F=0.01%, Megalonyx F=0.07-0.09%, Equus F=0.03-0.07%. T. D. Stewart 1952, The Fluorine content of associated human and extinct animal bones from the Conkling Cavern, New Mexico Science, N. Y., 116: 457-458.
L:A1: 1590+-80 BP(UCLA-1059) on basis of radiocarbon dating of collagen in human femur. R. Berger & W. F. Libby 1969, Radiocarbon, 11: 195. A1: 5320+-120 BP(UCLA-1432) on basis of radiocarbon dating of collagen in human femur. R. Berger & W. F. Libby 1974, UCLA Radiocarbon Dates X, Radiocabon 16.
M:Conkling 1-4: four scattered skeletons including 2 calottes(f), one with parietalia and frontale, the other with occipitale and temporalia.
N:W. A. Brayn 1929.
O:T. D. Stewart 1951. Preliminary observations on the human skeletal remains from Conkling Cavern, New Mexico, Am. J. phys. Anthrop., 9: 237(abstract).
S:Department of Paleontology, Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, California. Paleo-Indian Institute, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico.

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