Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Sangiran(Kabuh formation).

Latitude / Longitude



A:Sangiran(Kabuh formation).
B:Bank of river Tjemoro, 1/3 mile downstream from Bapang, Sangiran dome(Sangiran 2). Exposed lake deposits, E of Kalijoso, 12 km N of Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia.
E:Collectors working for G. H. R. von Koenigswald, 1937(Sangiran 2). F. Weidenreich, in box with Trinil fauna from Tandjung, 1938(Sangiran 3). Collector for P. Marks, 1952(Sangiran 8). Collectors working for T. Jacob,1963(Sangiran 10, 11); 1965(Sangiran 13b); 1966(Sangiran 14); 1969(Sangiran 15b, 16); 1970(Sangiran 18a, 19); 1971(Sangiran 20). Collectors working for S. Sartono, 30 January 1965(Sangiran 12, 13a);1968(Sangiran 15a); 13 September 1969(Sungiran 17); 1970(Sangiran 18b); 1973(Sangiran 21).
F:Trinil beds of Kabuh formation; fluviatile deposits including sandstones and volcanic tuffs. Boundary beds(Grenzbank)(Sangiran 8). G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1940, Neue Pithecanthropus-Funde 1936-1938, Wet. Meded. Dienst Mijnb. Ned. Oost-Indie, Bandung 28: 1-233. P. Marks 1953, Preliminary note on the discovery of a new jaw of Meganthropus von Koeigswald in the Lower Middle Pleistocene of Sangiran, Central Java, Indones. J. nat. Sci., Bandung, 109: 26-33(Sangiran 8). S. Sartono 1972, The discovery ofanother hominid skull at Sangiran, Central Java, Curr. Anthrop., 13: 124-126(Sangiran 17).
H:Middle Pleistocene. G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1937, A review of the stratigraphy of Java and its relations to early man, in G. G. MacCurdy(ed.) 1937, Early Man, Philadelphia: 23-32. D. A. Hooijcr 1964, New Records of Mammals from the Pleistocene or Sangiran, Central Java, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 40: 73-88.
I:Flake industry of Fenho complex of China. G. H. R. von Koenigswald & A. K. Ghosh 1973, Stone implements from the Trinil Beds of Sangiran, Central Java, parts I and II, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet.(B), 76: 1-34.
J:Trinil fauna including Axis lydekkeri. G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1938-9, The relationship between the fossil Mammalian faunae of Java and China, with special reference to early man, Peking nat. Hist. Bull., 13: 293-298. S. Sartono 1964, on a new find of another Pithecanthropus skull: an announcement, Bull. geol. Surv. Indones., Bandung, 1: 2-5.
K:Sangiran 2: F=1.15%, 100F/P205= 5.1, eU308=25 ppm, N=0.03 %. Sangiran 3: F=2.93%, 100F/P205= 7.7, eU308=56 ppm, N=nil%. Sangiran 8: F=2.32%, 100F/P205= 6.6, eU308=54 ppm, N=nil %. Axis lydekkeri. antler: F=2.81 %, 400F/P205=7.6, eU308=25 ppm.
L:A2: 710,000 BP, on basis of Potassium-Argon dating of tektite in the Kabuh beds of Sangiran.G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1968, Observations upon two Pithecanthropus mandibles from Sangiran, Central Java, Proc. K. ned. Akad, Wet.,(B) 71 :99-107. A2: 830,000 BP on basis of potassium-argon dating of pumice from the Kabuh beds at Tandjung(Sangiran 10) and Putjung(Sangiran 12). A4: 500,000 BP(KA-433) on basis of pottasium-argon dating of leucite from Mount Muria, Central Java. G. H. R. von Koeigswald 1964, Potassium-Argon dates and early man: Trinil, 6th Conf. int. Ass. quatern. Res.(Warsaw 1961), 4: 325-327. J. F. Evernden & G. H. Curtis 1965, The Potassium-Argon dating of Late Cenozoic rocks in East Africa and Italy, Curr. Anthrop., 6: 343-364.
M:Sangiran 2. "Skull II". adult female: calotte(i). Sangiran 3. "Skull III". juvenile: 2 parietalia(ff), occipitale(ff). Sangiran 7b. isolated dentes(i-ff). Sangiran 8. Meganthropus B. rt coprus mandibulae(ff) with C-M3. Saugiran 10. "Skull VI". young adult male: calotte(f), lt zygomaticum. Sangiran 11. isolated dentes. Sangiran 12. "Skull VII". old male: calotte(f). Saegiran 13ab. calotte fragments. Sangiran 14. fragments of basis cranii(ff). Sangiran 15a. lt maxilla(ff) with P3, P4. Sangiran 15b. lt maxilla(ff) with P3 and roots P4. Sangiran 16. isolated dentes Sangiran 17. "Skull VIII". cranium(f), with rt C, M1-3, lt P3 Sangiran 18ab. fragments of calotte. Sangiran 19. occipitale(ff). Sangiran 20. calvarial fragments. Sangiran 21. "Mandible E". mandibula(ff), M3.
N:G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1938, Ein neuer Pithecanthropus-Schadel, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 41: 185-192(Sangiran 2). G. H. R. von Koenigswald & F. Weidenreich 1938, Discovery of an additional Pithecanthropus skull, Nature, Lond., 142: 715-716.(Sangiran 3). P. Marks 1953(Sangriran 8). T. Jacob 1964. A new hominid skull cap from Pleistocene Sangiran, Anthropologica,(N.S.) 6: 97-104(Shangiran 10). S. Sartono 1967, An additional skull cap of a Pithecanthropus, Zinruigaku Zassi, J. anthrop. Soc. Nippon, 75: 83-93(Sangiran 12). S. Sartono 1971, Observations on a new skull of Pithecanthropus erectus(Pithecanthropus VIII) from Sangiran, Central Java, K. ned. Akad. Wet, B74: 1 85-194(Sangiran 17). T. Jacob 1970, Mengajaus dan mengganjang otak dikalangan manusia Pleistosen di Indonesia, Sem, Sedj. Nas. 2 Jogkakarta(Sangiran 14). T. Jacob 1971, New Hominid Finds in Indonesia and their affinities. 28th Int. Congr, Orient.(Canberra 1971)(Sangiran 14, 156). T. Jacob 1973, Palaeoanthropological Discoveries in Indonesia with Special Reference to the Finds of the Last Two Decades, Jl Hum. Evol., 2: 473-485(Shangiran 13ab,15a, 16, 18ab,19, 20). S. Sartono 1974, A new discovery of hominid remains from Sangiran, Central Java, Berita Direkt. Geol. Geosurv. News., 6, 12: 2-3(Sangiran 21).
O:G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1940(Sangiran 2, 3). Pithecanthropus erectus T. Jacob 1966, The sixth skull cap of Pithecanthropus erectus, Am. J. phys. Anthrop., 25: 243-260(Sangiran 10). Pithecanthropus erectus. S. Sartono 1967(Sangiran 12). Pithecanthropus. S. Sartono 1974, observations on a newly discovered jaw of Pithecanthropus modijokertensis from the Lower Pleistocene of Sangiran, Central Java, Proc. K. ned, Acad. Wet., B, 77: 26-31(Sangiran 15a).
P:T. Jacob 1972, New Hominid Finds in Indonesia and their Affinities, Mankind, 8: 176-181.
Q:G. H. R. von Koeigswald 1938(Sangiran 2). G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1940. P. Marks 1953(Sangiran 8). T. Jacob 1966(Sangiran 10). T. Jacob 1967,Recent Pithecanthropus finds in Indonesia, Curr. Anthrop., 8: 501-504(Sangiran 9). S. Sartono 1971(Sangiran 17). T. Jacob 1972(Sangiran 14, 15). T. Jacob 1973(Sangiran 11, 13a, 15a, 18a).
R:G. H. R, von Koenigswald 1949, The fossil hominids of Java, in R. W. van Bemmelen 1949, The Geology of Indonesia, The Hague, 1: 106-111. G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1956, Meeting Prehistoric Man, London: 20-39, 65-142. P. V. Tobias & G. H. R. von Koenigswald 1964, A comparison between the Olduvai hominines and those of Java and some implications for hominid phylogeny, Nature, Lond., 204: 515-518. B. Kurten 1962, The relative ages of the australopithecines of the Transvaal and the pithecanthropus of Java, in G. Kurth(ed.) 1962, Evolution und Hominisation, Stuttgart: 74-80.
S:Natur-Museum und Forschungs-Institut Senckenberg, Senckenberg-Anlage 25, 6 Frankfurt-am-Main 1, W Germany(Sangiran 2, 3, 7b). Museum Geologi, Djalan Diponegoro 57, Bandung(Sangiran 8, 12, 13a, 15a, 17, 18b). Projek Penelitian Paleoantropologi Nasional, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogjakarta(Sangiran 10, 11, 13b, 14, 15b, 16, 18a-20).
T:University Museum. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, U.S.A.(Sangiran 2, 3). Wenner-Gren Foundation Casting Programme, WennerGren Foundation for Anthropological Research, 14 East 71st Street, New York, N.Y. 10021, U.S.A. No. I-SR1(Sangiran 2).