Catalogue of Fossil Hominids Database

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Castenedolo, Brescia.

Latitude / Longitude



A:Castenedolo, Brescia.
U:In 1960, G.Ragazzoni discovered hominid skeletal fragments on the hill of Castenedolo, but since there was doubt about their stratigraphical age they were discarded as of no importance, In 1880 G.Ragazzoni found close of the same site several hominid skulls, with some associated post-cranial bones, including an adult female calvaria(Castenedolo 1), fragments of parietal and occipital bones of an adult male(Castenedolo 2) and isolated cranial fragments of a child(Castenedolo 3). these remains were embedded in shelly marine clay identified as of Tertiary(Astian) age by G.B.Cacciamali(1896) who cautiously rejected the opinion of those who regarded the human bones as contemporaneous with the clay. In 1889 further human bones were found at theis site but A.Issel(1889) recognized them as recent burials. G.Sergi agreed with Issel's opinion about the 1889 finds, although he maintained his earlier view that those of 1880(Castenedolo 1, 2, & 3) constituted proof that man with modern morphlogy(Homo sapiens) existed in Pliocene times(Sergi 1884). Castenedolo 1-3 are still encrusted by their original matrix, and with the co-operation of g.Genna were re investigated in 1965. Analyses of the bones showed that teir residual collagen(assessed by %N) is higher than that of any other fossil bones from central and nothern Italian setes which have been tested with the exception of a few from Upper Pleistocene levels. No fossil animal bones for comparison have been reported from Castenedolo. Castenedolo 1: cranial fragment N=1-6%, costae N=2-6 Castenedolo 2: cranial fragment N=2-2% Castenedolo 3: cranial fragment N=1-2% Middle Pleistocene bones from Italian sites N=<0-1-0-3% Upper Pleistocene bones from Italian sites N=<0-1-3-7% Holocene bones from Italian sites N=0-5-4-4% From this cvidence of was inferred that Castenedolo 1-3 were intrusive burials into the Astian clays. In 1969 the British Museum undertook radiocarbon dating of post-cranial bone of Castenedolo 1, which proved tobe of Holocene age. A1: 958 +- 116 BP(BM-496) on basis of C14 dating of residual collagenin human vertebrae and costae. H.Barker & R.Burleigh in preparation . The eU308 content of the CAstenedolo bones is unusually high for Holocene material, but is accounted for by the fact that the ground-water here is rich in uranium. Castenedolo 1-3 are in the Istituto di Antropolocia, Universita degli Studi di Roma, Roma. M.Boule & H.v.Vallois 1946, Les Hommes Fossiles(3rd edn) Paris: 139. G.B.Cacciamali 1896, geologia della collina di Castenedolo, Comment. Atem. Brescia, 1896: 3-93. A.Issel 1889, Cenno dulla giacitura dello schelotro umano recentemente scoperto nel pliocine di Castenedolo, Bull. Paletnol. ital., 89-109. K.P.Oakley & E.Anati, in preparation. G.Ragazzoni 1880, La collina di Castenedolo, Comment. Aten. Brescia, 1880: 120-28. G.Sergi 1884, L'Uomo terziario in Lombardia, Archo Anthrop. Etnol., 14: 303-18.